1) **Square numbers** are the product of a **whole number** multiplied by **itself**.

For example 36 is a **square number** because:

6 x 6 = 36

9 is also a **square number** because:

3 x 3 = 9

2) The symbol used to show that a number should be **squared** is a small 2 next to the number.

5² means 5 x 5

3) Here are some **square numbers** to learn, you should recognise them from the times tables:

1² = 1

2² = 4

3² = 9

4² = 16

5² = 25

6² = 36

7² = 49

8² = 64

9² = 81

10² = 100

11² = 121

12² = 144

1) Cube numbers are numbers that are the product of a whole number multiplied by itself three times.

For example 8 is a cube number because

2 x 2 x 2 = 8

27 is a cube number because

3 x 3 x 3 = 27

2) The symbol used to show a number should be cubed is a little 3 next to it.

For instance

4³ means 4 x 4 x 4.

Here are some cube numbers to remember:

1³ = 1 (1 x 1 x 1)

2³ = 8 (2 x 2 x 2)

3³ = 27 (3 x 3 x 3)

4³ = 64 (4 x 4 x 4)

5³ = 125 (5 x 5 x 5)

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